Testing in Android : Part 2 : Using Hamcrest

**How to create a simple Unit Test :  **

  1. Open the application we have used in our last tutorial, create one new class “AdditionTest.java” and add the following method :
@Test
public void addition_isCorrect() throws Exception {
    assertEquals(4, 2 + 2);
}

@Testis used to indicate that this method is a unit test method

  1. Now right click on the method and click on “Run “additionisCorrect()“_
  2. One bottom window will be open inside_ “Android Studio”_ and you can see that the test result . If everything goes fine, you will see your test method name with a green button as “OK” . android unitTesting
  3. You can add new test methods inside this class or you can add multiple test classes.

Using Hamcrest :** **Hamcrest framework is used for checking conditions in code via existing matchers classes . assertThat  statement is used followed by different matchers in JUnit.

JUnit4 :

assertEquals(expected,actual)

_Hamcrest : _

assertThat(actual,equalTo(expected))
assertThat(actual,is(expected))
assertThat(actual,is(equalTo(expected)))

**How to use Hamcrest : ** To use Hamcrest in Android Studio, include the following in dependencies tab of your build.gradle file

testCompile 'org.hamcrest:hamcrest-library:1.3'

Sync your project and modify the additionisCorrect()_ method of AdditionTest class as below : 

@Test
public void addition_isCorrect() throws Exception {
    assertEquals(4, 2 + 2);

    assertThat(2+2,is(4));
    assertThat(2+2,equalTo(4));
    assertThat(2+2,is(equalTo(4)));
}

Don’t forget to import the following :

import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.equalTo;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.is;

Run your test  , and you can see that all tests will execute as before. This project is shared on Github . You can pull it from here.

Check here  for more tutorials on Hamcrest.