### C program to explain how fmod and modf works :

In this C programming tutorial, we will learn how *fmod* and *modf* function works, what arguments these functions take and what are the return values. Function *fmod* is defined as :

`double fmod(double x,double y)`

Similarly, the function *modf* is defined as :

`double modf(double x,double *y)`

Now, let’s see how *fmod* works :
*double fmod(double x,double y)* takes two *double* variables *x and y* and returns the remainder found by *dividing x by y*.
Similarly, the function *double modf(double x,double *y)* divides a number into its integer and fraction parts.Let’s take a look at the program to understand both of these functions :

### C program :

```
#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
int main(){
//1
double firstNumber;
double secondNumber;
//2
double number;
double fractionPart;
double intPart;
//3
printf("Enter the first number : ");
scanf("%lf",&firstNumber);
//4
printf("Enter the second number : ");
scanf("%lf",&secondNumber);
//5
printf("fmod(firstNumber,secondNumber) is %lf \n",fmod(firstNumber,secondNumber));
//6
printf("Enter another number : ");
scanf("%lf",&number);
//7
fractionPart = modf(number,&intPart);
printf("Interger component : %lf\n",intPart);
printf("Fraction component : %lf\n",fractionPart);
}
```

### Explanation :

- Create two
*double*variables to store two numbers. - Create three more
*double*variables to store the number, its integer part, and its fraction part. - Ask the user to enter the first number. Read it and store it in
*firstNumber*variable. - Similarly, ask the user to enter the second number, read and store it in
*secondNumber*variable. - Print the
*fmod*value of the*firstNumber*and*secondNumber*. - Ask the user to enter another number for
*modf*. Read and store it in*number*variable. - Find out the
*fractionPart*by passing the*number*and*address of intPart*to the*modf*function.It will store the integer part in*intPart*variable. - Print both integer and fraction component of the number.

### Sample Output :

```
Enter the first number : 12
Enter the second number : 5
fmod(firstNumber,secondNumber) is 2.000000
Enter another number : 12.334
Interger component : 12.000000
Fraction component : 0.334000
```