# Java program to find the circumference and area of a circle

### Java program to find circumference and area of a circle :

In this tutorial, we will learn how to find the *area* and *circumference* of a circle using Java. We only need the *radius* of the circle to find both of these values. Area is *‘PI*radius*radius’ *and circumference is *‘2*PI*radius’.* Let’s take a look how to calculate these values :

### Java Program :

import java.util.Scanner; public class Main { /** * Utility function for System.out.println * * @param message : string to print */ private static void println(String message) { System.out.println(message); } /** * Utility function for System.out.print * * @param message : string to print */ private static void print(String message) { System.out.print(message); } /** * main method * * @throws java.lang.Exception */ public static void main(String[] args) throws java.lang.Exception { //1 double radius, area, circumference; //2 Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in); //3 print("Enter the radius of the circle : "); radius = scanner.nextDouble(); //4 area = Math.PI * radius * radius; circumference = 2 * Math.PI * radius; //5 System.out.printf("Area of the circle : %.2f", area); println(""); System.out.printf("Circumference of the circle :%.2f ", circumference); } }

### Sample Output :

Enter the radius of the circle : 100 Area of the circle : 31415.93 Circumference of the circle :628.32 Enter the radius of the circle : 19.4 Area of the circle : 1182.37 Circumference of the circle :121.89 Enter the radius of the circle : 10 Area of the circle : 314.16 Circumference of the circle :62.83

### Explanation :

1. Create three ‘*double*‘ variables to store the *radius*, *area* and *circumference* of the circle.

2. Create one ‘*Scanner*‘ object to take the inputs from the user.

3. Read the ‘*radius*‘ of the circle.

4. Find out the *area* and *circumference* and save the values to ‘*area*‘ and ‘*circumference*‘ variables. We are using *‘Math.PI’* for the value of ‘*PI*‘.

5. Print out the values of *area* and *circumference* calculated.