1. Using substring() :
The substring() function can extract one sub-string from a string by using the start index and length. We can pass the start index and the length of the sub-string as its first and the second parameter.
The syntax of substring() function is as below :
str.substring(from: number, length?: number)
Our problem is to remove the last character of a string. So, we can pass 0 as the first index and string-length – 1 as the length. For string hello1, if the first index is 0 and length is 5. It will return the sub-string from index 0 with length 5 i.e. hello.
length property of a string returns its length. Below is the complete program :
let givenStr = "Hello1"; console.log(givenStr.substr(0, givenStr.length - 1));
It will print :
2. Using slice :
The slice function extracts a section of a string. It extracts and returns a new string. It’s syntax is as below :
To remove the last character, we can pass 0 as the first index and length – 1 as the end index.
let givenStr = "Hello1"; console.log(givenStr.slice(0, givenStr.length - 1));
Or, we can pass -1 as the end index. End index -x is treated as string-length – x.
let givenStr = "Hello1"; console.log(givenStr.slice(0, -1));
Both examples will print Hello.
3. Using replace :
replace() function takes two arguments. The first one is a regular expression that will find the sub-string to replace and the second one is the new substring to replace with.
let givenStr = "Hello1"; console.log(givenStr.replace(/.$/,''));
Here, $ is the regex pattern. It selects the last character of a string. The second parameter is empty. We are replacing the last character with that empty character. It will print Hello on the console.