Swift program to find the first index of a character in a string

Swift program to find the first index of a character in a string:

In this swift tutorial, we will learn how to find the first index of a specific character in a string. Swift provides a lot of different utility methods for string and it makes it easier to do such types of string operations.

Using firstIndex(of:)

firstIndex(of:) method can be used to find the first index of a character in a string. Below is the definition of this method :

func firstIndex(of element: Character) -> Index?

It takes one Character i.e. element as the parameter and returns the Index if found.

Example of firstIndex(of:)

Let’s take a look at the below example:

let givenString = "Hello World !!"

let inputChar: Character = "o"

if let index = givenString.firstIndex(of: inputChar){
    print(givenString[index])
}else{
    print("Index not found !!")
}

Here, we are finding the index of character o in the string givenString. It will print the below output:

o

If you give any other character which is not available in the string, it will print Index not found !!.

Using firstIndex(where:)

firstIndex(where:) is defined as below:

func firstIndex(where: (Character) -> Bool) -> Index?

It takes one predicate and based on that it returns the index if found. Else, it returns nil. This method is useful if we want to check if it satisfies a predicate not a specific character.

Let’s change the above program with this method:

let givenString = "Hello World !!"

let inputChar: Character = "o"

if let index = givenString.firstIndex(where: {$0 == inputChar}){
    print(givenString[index])
}else{
    print("Index not found !!")
}

It will print the same output as the above one.

You might also like :

Where is the color and why codevscolor ?

Long story short, I love paintings and I paint on weekends. We(me and my wife) have one Youtube channel. Below is a video that I did recently. If you love this please do subscribe to support us 😊