Testing in Android : Part 3 : Using Mockito

By default , local unit tests are executed against a modified version of android.jar library. This library does not contain any actual code. So, if we make any call to android classes, it will throw an exception. We can use Mocking Framework mockito to mock objects and define outputs of certain method calls.

Mockito is an open sourced testing framework for Java that allows to create mock objects in Automated unit Tests.In this example, we will “mock” ”MainActivity” class.

Steps to use Mockito Framework :

  1. include mockito library dependency in your build.gradle :
testCompile "org.mockito:mockito-core:1.9.5"
  1. Add  @RunWith(MockitoJUnitRunner.class) before unit test class name

  2. To create any mocked object of Android Dependency, use @Mock before that object name

Context mMockedContext;

Or you can use static method mock() to mock any class :

MainActivity activity = Mockito.mock(MainActivity.class);
  1. use when().thenReturn() to use a condition and return value for it.
public void test_when_thenReturn(){
MainActivity activity = Mockito.mock(MainActivity.class);
  1. use verify() to detect if any conditioned are met or not like if a method is called with a certain parameter, if it was called once or twice etc
public void test_verify(){
    MainActivity activity = Mockito.mock(MainActivity.class);


    //verify if getName() is never called

    //now call it one time

    //verify if it is called once

    //call getNumber method with a parameter

    //verify if getNumber was called with parameter 1

similarly we can use atLeast(int param),times(int param),atMost(int) etc. with verify

  1. we can use_ spy()_ of a real object. It will call the real method of that object.
public void test_spy(){
List list = new LinkedList();
List spyList = spy(list);when(spyList.size()).thenReturn(200);assertThat(spyList.size(),is(200));

That’s it. Clone this project from GitHub and try it by yourself.